Both tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) were first extracted from the cannabis plant in the early 1940s; thus, they are not particularly recent discoveries. But as researchers delve further into the two plant chemicals, uncovering their properties and potential medicinal uses, your knowledge of them is constantly expanding.
The two primary chemicals found in cannabis, together with a better understanding of the plant, have propelled them into the mainstream and increased their appeal in recent years. Read on to find out the legality in the US regarding CBD and THC products like delta eight carts, their types, and how they may help the body, etc.
THC and CBD: Types
Not all THC and CBD are created equal. You may make a more informed decision if you are aware of the types.
Some of the forms of THC are:
- THC-a: This form of THC was the original and most prevalent in cannabis. It has no intoxicating effects.
- Delta 9 THC: Not only does this assist in alleviating physical strain and enhancing hunger, but it is also responsible for the characteristic intoxicating effects of marijuana.
- Delta 8 THC: Delta 8 THC is less than one percent of the cannabis plant and is believed to have half the intoxicating effects of Delta 9.
- THCP (tetrahydrocannabiphorol): No one knows whether this has any therapeutic use, although rumors have it being around 33% stronger and more potent than delta 9.
- THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin): There is a decrease in the efficiency of this binding to receptors. At low dosages, it has no psychotropic effects, but at high quantities, it may.
Here are several types of CBD:
- Whole plant CBD: Contains all of the components that are found in hemp, although it is often too thick for everyday usage.
- Full spectrum CBD: Comprises levels of THC but does not include any of the waxes or oils that are found in whole plant CBD.
- Broad spectrum CBD: Although it does not contain THC, it does contain other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
- Pure CBD (isolate): Contains zero additional chemicals and one CBD.
THC vs CBD: Chemical Properties
CBD and THC are poorly soluble in water, but they dissolve well in alcohols and lipids, two examples of organic solvents. Cannabis contains both THC and CBD but in acidic forms that are susceptible to decarboxylation and other chemical changes when heated.
To keep its potency intact during preparation and storage, THC is often combined with organic solvents and glassware since its molecules adhere strongly to plastics and glass. The cannabinoid receptor CB1 is abundant throughout the neurological system, but especially in the brain, where THC acts as a potent partial agonist. It produces the intoxication effects of cannabis by activating the cannabinoid receptor type 1.
When it comes to CB1 receptors, however, CBD is a negative allosteric modulator, which means it may alter the geometry of the connection. This change makes it more difficult for endogenous cannabinoid receptor activators like THC to trigger the receptor. Because it does not bind to or excite CB1 receptors, CBD does not provide the intoxicating effects that are associated with THC.
CBD vs. THC: How They Impact the Human Body Differently
THC and CBD are structurally identical, yet their physiological effects couldn’t be more different. Their intoxicating effects are the key differentiator. The endocannabinoid system, which is mainly located in the brain and central nervous system, has CB1 and CB2 receptors that THC binds to effectively. As a result of this binding, a cascade of reactions occurs that lead to the intoxicating effects of cannabis. Additionally, THC has sedative, analgesic, and appetite-stimulating properties.
CBD is not psychotropic since it does not have a high affinity for these receptors. It has an indirect effect on the endocannabinoid system by influencing endogenous cannabinoid absorption and degradation as well as blocking THC’s binding to CB1 receptors. Because of these characteristics, CBD has the potential to reduce the intoxicating effects of THC. Furthermore, CBD may have medicinal uses, such as reducing inflammation, nervousness, seizures, and pain.
Keep in mind that additional variables, such as administration method, dosage, and user physiology, may potentially affect the effects of THC and CBD. Consequently, a licensed medical professional should be present while using THC and CBD.
THC vs CBD: Legality
In the US, both THC and CBD have well-established legal statuses. Cannabis’s psychoactive component, THC, is typically prohibited in most countries. The cultivation, import, and sale of cannabis for recreational use is entirely prohibited. But since 2017, medicinal cannabis has been legal, opening the door for THC to be used in specific medical settings.
However, CBD is not subject to the same laws as THC. In the US, it is perfectly legal to buy and consume CBD that comes from industrial hemp as long as the concentration is less than 0.2%. As a result, you may get CBD in a variety of forms, including oil, cream, and capsules. It is critical, meanwhile, that the items’ THC levels don’t exceed what’s allowed under EU law.
Keep in mind that THC and CBD legislation are continually evolving, so it’s wise to stay up-to-date and consult a lawyer if you need any clarification.
THC vs CBD: Forms and Methods of Consumption
While vaping or smoking cannabis is becoming more and more common, not everyone will have the opportunity to do so. Alternatively, these cannabinoids may be found in an extensive range of commercially marketed products.
Many different kinds of CBD are available, such as:
Various types of THC are also possible, such as:
- Treats like brownies
It’s essential to know the differences between THC and CBD, particularly as medical marijuana becomes more generally recognized and available. These two compounds have distinct medical uses. While CBD has more benefits and is effective in a wider variety of scenarios, THC’s actions make it helpful in treating some medical concerns.
By being aware of the unique qualities of medical cannabis and its entourage effect, people may make informed decisions about how to use it. To ensure that you’re utilizing medical marijuana properly and successfully, always see a specialist.