The number of dementia patients will increase worldwide over the coming period. Three times as many people will suffer from the disease in 2050, according to a recently published study. A 65% increase is planned for Germany. 1.5 million people in this country already suffer from dementia, most of them Alzheimer’s.

Lack of caregivers

We are slowly preparing for this situation, ”says Tobias Hartmann, Scientific Director of the German Institute for the Prevention of Dementia at the University of the Saarland. A major milestone has been the inclusion of dementia in long term care insurance. But there is a shortage of nurses, which will also increase.

If you want to reduce personal risk, you need to consider what the influencing factors are. Once these are found, it is said, “tackle them all together.” So not just what you like to fight the most, ”says Hartmann.

Risk factors

A risk factor could be a lack of mental, social or physical activity. Another is nutrition. That’s why healthy eating is important: “Everyone knows where they sin and where they don’t,” says Hartmann. Marine fish is also recommended “because of the long chain omega-3 fatty acids”.

According to the doctor, other risk factors are those “linked to the metabolic syndrome”: blood pressure, blood fats, diabetes or obesity. In addition, too long or too short sleep is not good: “Seven to nine hours would be ideal. “says Hartmann.

Respond immediately

It is true that not all that can be done to diagnose dementia is “particularly effective”. But that is precisely why it is important to take care of it as soon as possible if you notice the first symptoms in yourself or in others. Today’s specialists could make a very precise diagnosis.

Therefore, you must react immediately. Because even before severe dementia, there are “mild cognitive impairments”. Typical for this is memory loss if you forget something more and more often, for example the key.

It would be a big step forward, says Hartmann, if there were effective drugs and better preventive measures. Then the number of patients could be kept low.

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