Pedro Castillo, Peru’s presidential candidate, won the most votes in the second round of the elections, but has yet to be declared the winner. Photo: EFE
With two weeks to go before the end of the government of Peru’s interim president Francisco Sagasti, the official result of the country’s fierce presidential election has yet to be announced by election officials, as allegations of suspected electoral fraud loom large. ‘under investigation.
The Popular Forces party, led by Peruvian presidential candidate Keiko Fujimori, will appeal against at least 15 minutes of voting by regional electoral authorities, who on Tuesday completed all decentralized proclamations of second-round results in favor of left-wing candidate Pedro Castillo .
In the home stretch of Peru’s long electoral process, lawyer Julio César Castiglioni, member of the Force Populaire legal team, told “El Comercio” newspaper that the Fujimorist group will appeal against at least 15 minutes of juries special voters (JEE) that do not favor your candidate.
The announcement was made on the same day that the results reports in the regional electoral courts were completed, which had yet to be “resolved” in the National Election Jury (JNE) system, the Peru’s national electoral body.
However, the total number of votes that must be contested is only 5,400, which is not enough to overturn the election result, although it could delay the proclamation of the winner and hamper the transfer of power to Castillo. , according to Reuters, who heard from lawyer Julio Castiglioni.
no more delay
If there are no objections, those final minutes will be accepted and forwarded to the JNE, which in this scenario plans to release the general results proclamation on July 19 or 20.
However, if Força Popular presents appeals before next Friday, the expiration date of the three-day deadline set by the electoral law, the proclamation of the June 6 election may be postponed even later.
Counting down until July 28, when the transitional regime chaired by Francisco Sagasti will end, this new legal maneuver of Fujimorism, although provided for in the normative framework, risks delaying the official proclamation of who will take command of the country.
“It is not our problem whether the proclamation process is going to be postponed or not, it is the problem of those who did not want to facilitate the clarification of the issue of fraud,” Castiglioni said.
The last possible remedies against these decentralized acts of proclamation are. At this point, it is no longer possible to refer to fingerprint or signature issues, but to present supposed digital errors.
In other words, Força Popular would have to prove that the National Office for Electoral Processes (ONPE) made a numerical error and that this was noted by the regional electoral authorities.
The day after the election, Keiko Fujimori claims to have been the victim of “systematic fraud” and demanded the annulment of the minutes with around 200,000 votes from rural areas, where Castillo obtained an expressive vote.
The right-wing candidate did not present very strong evidence of these accusations, only allegations of irregularities at the polling stations with the signatures of officials, which she presented as “identity theft” or links presumed family relations between the members of the polling stations. , which is prohibited by law.
All these complaints were initially rejected by the JEEs and then transmitted to the JNE, which last Monday concluded the process of publishing the resolutions declaring the appeals to be unfounded.
In addition, no election observation body, including the Organization of American States (OAS), found evidence of fraud, while the European Union, United States, United Kingdom and Canada expressed confidence in the Peruvian electoral system and said they believed the elections were free. and fair.
The daughter and political heiress of former President Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) tries to find evidence to support the alleged fraud claim in order to overturn the election results. According to the final tally, Castillo won the second round of the elections with 50.12% of the vote, or 44,000 votes more than his rival.
Despite this, Keiko has already said she will not accept Castillo’s promulgation as Peru’s elected president because, in the candidate’s opinion, it “would consume fraud”.