Berlin (dpa) – When Angela Merkel moved to the Federal Chancellery, a piece of history was written in Germany. A woman as chancellor? The documentary film “Die Unbeugamen” shows how long this idea seemed long.

The film shows how hard women fought for their place in Parliament. Merkel also came to the premiere at the Delphi Film Palace in Berlin.

Hands typically joined, she lets herself be photographed on Monday evening between women, whose stories should have finally allowed her to reach high political office. These are women who asserted themselves against the norms that had been in force until then and who defended themselves against colleagues who ridiculed and ridiculed them.

That evening, Merkel passed the line of television cameras. Shortly before, she had given a press conference on the situation in Afghanistan. The militant Islamist Taliban have effectively regained power there – now Germany and other countries want to expel their citizens and endanger local Afghan workers.

Women in Afghanistan

Merkel recalls the situation of many women in the country. On a day like this, thoughts are with the many women in Afghanistan, “who must fear for their lives these days and hours because they are politically active,” the CDU politician said at the movies.

“And unlike that, of course, we live in a relatively stable democracy.” We lived with a basic law which not only stipulates the equality of women and men, “but – after long discussions – obliges the state to promote the implementation of this equality and to work for the elimination of existing disadvantages. “, explains Merkel.

Even today, however, it is not always easy for women to get involved in federal politics and other political fields. “But what politicians have gone through in previous decades is another very special chapter in German history,” Merkel said. “Women politicians in particular had to face difficult arguments, and the headwind in the seemingly quiet Bonn Republic was enormous.”

1950s at the Chancellery of Merkel

Torsten Körner’s documentary (“Black Eagles”, “Angela Merkel – The Unexpected”) shows how powerful the headwind has been. His new film hits theaters next week on August 26. The compilation of interviews and historical recordings takes you back to previous decades – from the 1950s to Merkel’s Chancellery, it shows the role played by women in (West) German politics.

Old clips show the place that has long been assigned to women. “A woman has two questions in life,” she said in a clip, “what should I wear and what should I cook?”

In historical records, some men patronize female politicians or comment on their appearance. A reporter is confused when he has a minister in front of him for the first time – he doesn’t know how to address her.

Physical assaults, in everyday life and in politics, are also discussed. “How do you really feel about grabbing the breasts and pinching the buttocks?” »Asks a journalist in a street survey of passers-by. “You should leave him at work”, replies a man, “and in my spare time (…) I am for”.

Not only the historical clips – for example parliamentary speeches in Bonn – make the film extremely interesting to watch. But also recently recorded conversations in which former Federal Ministers Rita Süssmuth (CDU), Renate Schmidt (SPD) and Herta Däubler-Gmelin (SPD) go back.

“Even when it was seemingly obvious, when women asked for sexist comments to be dispensed with in parliament, they were mocked by male colleagues,” criticized Merkel, who will resign after the next general election after 16 years, in his speech. “These were not harmless jokes, but openly displayed gestures of power, only to put women in their place.”

“The reason I speak so clearly about this disrespect and degradation is because many women politicians are still today exposed to verbal attacks, threats and also open hatred. Especially on the Internet and social networks, ”Merkel emphasizes. It is absolutely unworthy of a democratic society. “We have not yet achieved real equality between women and men in Germany. There is still a lot to do. “