La Jornada newspaper
Sunday, September 5, 2021, p. 2. 3

San Salvador. The Salvadoran Supreme Electoral Tribunal announced yesterday that it will comply with a judicial resolution that enables the presidential election in El Salvador and that will allow President Nayib Bukele to seek to participate in the general elections of 2024.

Given the resolution issued last Friday by the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court on the option of registration of the President of the Republic as a candidate for a second term, it will comply with it, by virtue of the resolutions and judgments of ( that entity) are unappealable and mandatory, the electoral body said in a statement.

He added that the president may seek a second term at the polls if he so wishes and if a legally registered political party nominates him for office. Until now, Salvadoran presidents could not revalidate their mandate consecutively, but had to wait two legislatures, that is, 10 years.

In its resolution released the day before, the constitutional chamber orders the highest electoral body to allow, in accordance with article 152 ordinal 1 (of the Constitution), that a person who exercises the presidency of the republic and has not been president in the period immediately before participating in the electoral contest for a second time.

The decision assumes that Bukele can choose to be a presidential candidate, since in the previous legislature the position was held by Salvador Sánchez Cerén (2014-2019), of the leftist Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN).

The resolution responds to a lawsuit for the loss of citizenship rights filed by the lawyer Salvador Enrique Anaya against Nancy Díaz Martínez, for an alleged violation of the Constitution by promoting and signing acts to support the re-election of the president of the republic.

Analyst criticism

The court ruling sparked a wave of favorable reactions from Bukele’s supporters, while analysts criticized the decision and opponents voiced their outright rejection.

Bukele, who is used to reacting immediately to what is happening in the country with publications on social networks, has not yet commented on the issue.

On the first day of sessions, last May 1, the new Legislative Assembly – controlled by President Bukele’s New Ideas party – dismissed the five magistrates of the constitutional chamber and the attorney general, a decision that received harsh criticism both inside and outside the Central American nation for considering that it undermines the division of powers.

That same night, the plenary of the assembly chose and swore in five new magistrates for the chamber and a general attorney.