Millions of people in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia are suffering from malnutrition and are being forced to take drastic steps to survive as the Horn of Africa region suffers from one of the worst drought in recent times of three consecutive dry seasons. The food and Agriculture Organization department warned that by the mid of the year, around 12 and 40 million people in the three nations will be facing severe acute food shortages.

A drought has left nearly 3 million people in the country extremely food insecure. According to the World Food Program, 365,000 children under the age of five are critically emaciated, with 72,000 of them extremely malnourished and at risk of illness and death. Last Monday, Somali officials released the first official death toll from the crisis, stating that 110 people starved to death in a single district over a 48-hour interval.

The United Nations announced on Friday that the world was facing its worst humanitarian catastrophe since its founding, with hunger and famine endangering more than 20 million people in the horn of Africa. A military conflict in South Sudan has stopped crops from being harvested and caused the economic collapse, causing the UN to label areas of the country famine-stricken — the first time this has happened anywhere in the world since Somalia in 2011.

The famine is affecting 90 percent of Somalia’s land, according to the UN Office for Humanitarian affairs, resulting in a rapid deterioration situation.4.6 million individuals now want immediate assistance, up from 3.3 million in December. In addition, 671,000 people have been forced to flee their homes in order to hunt, water, and pasture, up from 246,000 in December. Diseases such as measles are also on the rise due to acute water shortages and a lack of sanitation and hygiene facilities.

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Food insecurity affects 50 million people in the Intergovernmental Organization, an eight-country trading grouping in Africa, according to Ethiopia’s UN ambassador. He estimated that Food assistance is needed by 20.2 million individuals, costing at least $3.01 billion. Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Somalia host almost 80% of the population that is experiencing dreadful conditions.According to, the UN Children’s Fund’s deputy director of emergency operations, 5.6 million children in the Horn of Africa are at risk of acute malnutrition, with 1.7 million suffering from severe acute malnutrition.