La Jornada newspaper
Thursday, September 2, 2021, p. 27

Austin. A Texas law that bans most abortions came into effect yesterday in the state, while the federal Supreme Court remains silent on an emergency appeal filed to delay its implementation.

If allowed to remain in effect, the law would be the most far-reaching restriction on abortion rights in the United States since the landmark high court decision in the Roe v. Wade case, which legalized the procedure nationwide in 1973.

Texas law, signed into law in May by Republican Gov. Greg Abbott, prohibits termination of pregnancies as soon as the fetal heartbeat is detected, which usually occurs at six weeks’ gestation, before most women are aware of it. that they are pregnant.

In a statement issued after the law took effect, President Joe Biden said it flagrantly violates the constitutional law established by the Roe v. Wade case that has stood as a precedent for nearly half a century. He added that the law outrageously gives citizens the power to sue anyone they believe has helped another person have an abortion.

Marc Hearron, an attorney for the Center for Reproductive Rights, said: As of now, most abortions are prohibited in Texas. He indicated that his group is still awaiting the decision of the Supreme Court.

Clinics have said the law would ban 85 percent of pregnancy termination procedures in Texas and force many clinics to close.

Advocates for abortion rights denounce that the law will force many women to travel out of state to terminate their pregnancy, if they can afford it and get around issues such as childcare and taking time off from work. The number of women aborting using mail-order pills is also expected to increase.

At least 12 other states in the country have implemented bans on abortion in the early stages of pregnancy, but all have been blocked from taking effect.

What distinguishes Texas law is the unusual way of applying it, because instead of leaving that task to the authorities, any citizen is authorized to sue any individual or entity that performs abortions, even the person who carries a woman to the clinic. Under the law, anyone who files that type of claim and wins would receive at least $ 10,000.

Those who wrote the law also made it difficult to challenge it in court, because it is difficult to determine who to sue.